1997 – present


collaboration with Warren Quigley


This pair of allegorical entrances were created to identify the environs of Toronto’s Chinatown, the neighbourhood name for this now predominantly Asian community. Gateway is based on the ancient script form of the Chinese characters for “gateway” and uses the supporting poles as part of the calligraphic notation for the word. The upper portion of the character depicts an intertwining and metamorphosing of four venerable mythological figures: Feng Huang (associated with the Phoenix), Long (Dragon), Sun Hou Zi (Monkey King) and Qilin (associated with the Unicorn). These entities are hybridized, containing elements of other creatures and animals; they inherently depict transformation. This linguistic lexicon has the same meaning in Korean, Japanese and pre-colonial Vietnamese, reflecting historic as well as contemporary cross-cultural pollinations. The metaphorical gateways signal the transition of one community into another and reflect the social heritage of Spadina Avenue, where historically one culture displaces another as new waves of immigrants arrive in the city.





media: fiberglass, steel, Endura, polyurethane foam
dimensions: 2 pairs, each 3m W x 6m H x 0.5m D
photos: William Greer, artists

site: Spadina LRT at Dundas Street West, Toronto


Commissioned by the City of Toronto, Toronto Transit Commission, Toronto Chinatown Development Association.